Rust If-Else Statement


Rust If-Else Statement

In this tutorial, we will learn about if-else statements in Rust. We will cover the basics of conditional execution using if-else statements.


What is an If-Else statement

An if-else statement is a conditional statement that executes one block of code if a specified condition is true, and another block of code if the condition is false.


Syntax

The syntax for the if-else statement in Rust is:

if condition {
    // Code block to execute if condition is true
} else {
    // Code block to execute if condition is false
}

The if-else statement evaluates the specified condition. If the condition is true, the code block inside the if statement is executed; otherwise, the code block inside the else statement is executed.

Flowchart of If Else Statement


Checking if a Number is Even or Odd

  1. Declare a variable num.
  2. Assign a value to num.
  3. Use an if-else statement to check if num is even or odd.
  4. Print a message indicating whether num is even or odd.

Rust Program

fn main() {
    let num = 10;
    if num % 2 == 0 {
        println!("{} is even.", num);
    } else {
        println!("{} is odd.", num);
    }
}

Output

10 is even.


Checking if a String Starts with a Specific Value

  1. Declare a variable str.
  2. Assign a value to str.
  3. Use an if-else statement to check if str starts with a specific value.
  4. Print a message indicating the result of the check.

Rust Program

fn main() {
    let str = "Hello, world!";
    if str.starts_with("Hello") {
        println!("String starts with 'Hello'.");
    } else {
        println!("String does not start with 'Hello'.");
    }
}

Output

String starts with 'Hello'.


Checking if a Number is Positive or Negative

  1. Declare a variable num.
  2. Assign a value to num.
  3. Use an if-else statement to check if num is positive or negative.
  4. Print a message indicating whether num is positive or negative.

Rust Program

fn main() {
    let num = -5;
    if num > 0 {
        println!("{} is positive.", num);
    } else {
        println!("{} is negative or zero.", num);
    }
}

Output

-5 is negative or zero.