R Else If Statement


R Else If Statement

In this tutorial, we will learn about else-if statements in R. We will cover the basics of conditional execution using if-else-if statements.


What is an Else-If statement

An else-if statement is a conditional statement that allows multiple conditions to be tested sequentially. It provides a way to execute different code blocks based on different conditions.


Syntax

The syntax for the else-if statement in R is:

if (condition1) {
    # Code block to execute if condition1 is true
} else if (condition2) {
    # Code block to execute if condition2 is true
} else {
    # Code block to execute if none of the conditions are true
}

The else-if statement evaluates the specified conditions in order. The first condition that is true will have its code block executed; if none of the conditions are true, the code block inside the else statement is executed.

Flowchart of Else-If Statement


Checking if a Number is Positive, Negative, or Zero

  1. Declare a variable num.
  2. Assign a value to num.
  3. Use an if-else-if statement to check if num is positive, negative, or zero.
  4. Print a message indicating whether num is positive, negative, or zero.

R Program

num <- -5
if (num > 0) {
    print(paste(num, 'is positive.'))
} else if (num < 0) {
    print(paste(num, 'is negative.'))
} else {
    print(paste(num, 'is zero.'))
}

Output

-5 is negative.


Checking the Grade of a Student

  1. Declare a variable marks.
  2. Assign a value to marks.
  3. Use an if-else-if statement to check the grade based on the marks.
  4. Print a message indicating the grade.

R Program

marks <- 85
if (marks >= 90) {
    print('Grade: A')
} else if (marks >= 80) {
    print('Grade: B')
} else if (marks >= 70) {
    print('Grade: C')
} else if (marks >= 60) {
    print('Grade: D')
} else {
    print('Grade: F')
}

Output

Grade: B


Checking the Temperature Range

  1. Declare a variable temperature.
  2. Assign a value to temperature.
  3. Use an if-else-if statement to check the range of the temperature.
  4. Print a message indicating the temperature range.

R Program

temperature <- 75.5
if (temperature > 100) {
    print('It's extremely hot.')
} else if (temperature > 85) {
    print('It's hot.')
} else if (temperature > 60) {
    print('It's warm.')
} else if (temperature > 32) {
    print('It's cold.')
} else {
    print('It's freezing.')
}

Output

It's warm.