PHP For Loop


PHP For Loop

In this tutorial, we will learn about for loops in PHP. We will cover the basics of iterative execution using for loops.


What is a For Loop

A for loop is a control flow statement that allows code to be executed repeatedly based on a given Boolean condition. The loop is typically used when the number of iterations is known before entering the loop.


Syntax

The syntax for the for loop in PHP is:

for (initialization; condition; increment) {
    // Code block to be executed
}

The for loop evaluates the initialization statement, then the condition. If the condition is true, the code block inside the loop is executed. After each iteration, the increment statement is executed, and the condition is re-evaluated. This process repeats until the condition becomes false.

Flowchart of For Loop


Printing Numbers from 1 to 10

  1. Use a for loop to print numbers from 1 to 10.

PHP Program

<?php
for ($i = 1; $i <= 10; $i++) {
    echo $i . " ";
}
?>

Output

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 


Calculating the Factorial of a Number

  1. Use a for loop to calculate the factorial of a number.

PHP Program

<?php
$n = 5;
$factorial = 1;
for ($i = 1; $i <= $n; $i++) {
    $factorial *= $i;
}
echo "Factorial of $n is $factorial";
?>

Output

Factorial of 5 is 120


Summing the Elements of an Array

  1. Use a for loop to calculate the sum of the elements in an array.

PHP Program

<?php
$arr = array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5);
$sum = 0;
foreach ($arr as $element) {
    $sum += $element;
}
echo "Sum of the elements in the array is $sum";
?>

Output

Sum of the elements in the array is 15