Kotlin If-Else Statement


Kotlin If-Else Statement

In this tutorial, we will learn about if-else statements in Kotlin. We will cover the basics of conditional execution using if-else statements.


What is an If-Else statement

An if-else statement is a conditional statement that executes one block of code if a specified condition is true, and another block of code if the condition is false.


Syntax

The syntax for the if-else statement in Kotlin is:

if (condition) {
    // Code block to execute if condition is true
} else {
    // Code block to execute if condition is false
}

The if-else statement evaluates the specified condition. If the condition is true, the code block inside the if statement is executed; otherwise, the code block inside the else statement is executed.

Flowchart of If Else Statement


Checking if a Number is Even or Odd

  1. Declare a variable num.
  2. Assign a value to num.
  3. Use an if-else statement to check if num is even or odd.
  4. Print a message indicating whether num is even or odd.

Kotlin Program

fun main() {
    val num = 10
    if (num % 2 == 0) {
        println("$num is even.")
    } else {
        println("$num is odd.")
    }
}

Output

10 is even.


Checking if a String Starts with a Specific Value

  1. Declare a variable str.
  2. Assign a value to str.
  3. Use an if-else statement to check if str starts with a specific value.
  4. Print a message indicating the result of the check.

Kotlin Program

fun main() {
    val str = "Hello, world!"
    if (str.startsWith("Hello")) {
        println("String starts with 'Hello'.")
    } else {
        println("String does not start with 'Hello'.")
    }
}

Output

String starts with 'Hello'.


Checking if a Number is Positive or Negative

  1. Declare a variable num.
  2. Assign a value to num.
  3. Use an if-else statement to check if num is positive or negative.
  4. Print a message indicating whether num is positive or negative.

Kotlin Program

fun main() {
    val num = -5
    if (num > 0) {
        println("$num is positive.")
    } else {
        println("$num is negative or zero.")
    }
}

Output

-5 is negative or zero.