JavaScript For Loop


JavaScript For Loop

In this tutorial, we will learn about for loops in JavaScript. We will cover the basics of iterative execution using for loops.


What is a For Loop

A for loop is a control flow statement that allows code to be executed repeatedly based on a given Boolean condition. The loop is typically used when the number of iterations is known before entering the loop.


Syntax

The syntax for the for loop in JavaScript is:

for (initialization; condition; increment) {
    // Code block to be executed
}

The for loop evaluates the initialization statement, then the condition. If the condition is true, the code block inside the loop is executed. After each iteration, the increment statement is executed, and the condition is re-evaluated. This process repeats until the condition becomes false.

Flowchart of For Loop


Printing Numbers from 1 to 10

  1. Declare an integer variable i.
  2. Use a for loop to print numbers from 1 to 10.

JavaScript Program

for (let i = 1; i <= 10; i++) {
    console.log(i);
}

Output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10


Calculating the Factorial of a Number

  1. Declare an integer variable n and factorial.
  2. Assign a value to n.
  3. Initialize factorial to 1.
  4. Use a for loop to calculate the factorial of n.
  5. Print the factorial.

JavaScript Program

let n = 5;
let factorial = 1;
for (let i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
    factorial *= i;
}
console.log(`Factorial of ${n} is ${factorial}`);

Output

Factorial of 5 is 120


Summing the Elements of an Array

  1. Declare an array of integers arr and an integer variable sum.
  2. Initialize the array with values.
  3. Initialize sum to 0.
  4. Use a for loop to calculate the sum of the elements in arr.
  5. Print the sum.

JavaScript Program

let arr = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
let sum = 0;
for (let i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
    sum += arr[i];
}
console.log(`Sum of the elements in the array is ${sum}`);

Output

Sum of the elements in the array is 15