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Go byte

In this tutorial, we will learn about the byte data type in Go. We will cover the basics of defining and using byte values, including how to manipulate bytes and use them in various operations.


Understanding the Byte Data Type in Go

The byte data type in Go is an alias for uint8, which means it is an unsigned 8-bit integer. Bytes are commonly used to represent binary data and ASCII characters.


Defining a Byte Variable

Byte variables in Go can be defined using the var keyword or by type inference.

var b byte = 65
c := byte(66)

Manipulating Byte Values

Byte values can be manipulated using standard arithmetic and bitwise operations.

var b byte = 65
b += 1
b &= 127

Using Bytes in Strings

Bytes are often used in strings and byte slices to represent and manipulate text data.

s := []byte("Hello")
s[0] = 'J'
fmt.Println(string(s))


Defining and using Byte Variables

We can define and use byte variables in Go to represent unsigned 8-bit integer values.

For example,

  1. Define a byte variable named b and assign it an ASCII value.
  2. Print the byte value and its character representation to the console.
  3. Define another byte variable named c using type inference and print its value and character representation.

Go Program

package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
    var b byte = 65
    fmt.Println(b)
    fmt.Printf("%c\n", b)
    c := byte(66)
    fmt.Println(c)
    fmt.Printf("%c\n", c)
}

Output

65
A
66
B


Manipulating Byte Values

We can manipulate byte values in Go using standard arithmetic and bitwise operations.

For example,

  1. Define a byte variable named b and assign it a value.
  2. Perform arithmetic and bitwise operations on the byte value and print the results to the console.

Go Program

package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
    var b byte = 65
    b += 1
    fmt.Println(b) // prints 66
    b &= 127
    fmt.Println(b) // prints 66
}

Output

66
66


Using Bytes in Strings

We can use byte slices to represent and manipulate text data in Go.

For example,

  1. Create a byte slice from a string.
  2. Modify a byte in the slice.
  3. Convert the byte slice back to a string and print the result to the console.

Go Program

package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
    s := []byte("Hello")
    s[0] = 'J'
    fmt.Println(string(s)) // prints "Jello"
}

Output

Jello


Combining Byte Values

We can combine multiple byte values to create complex binary data or ASCII strings.

For example,

  1. Define a byte slice with multiple values.
  2. Concatenate the byte slice with another byte slice.
  3. Print the resulting byte slice and its string representation to the console.

Go Program

package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
    s1 := []byte{72, 101, 108, 108, 111}
    s2 := []byte{32, 87, 111, 114, 108, 100}
    combined := append(s1, s2...)
    fmt.Println(combined) // prints [72 101 108 108 111 32 87 111 114 108 100]
    fmt.Println(string(combined)) // prints "Hello World"
}

Output

[72 101 108 108 111 32 87 111 114 108 100]
Hello World