Dart Variables


Dart Variables

In this tutorial, we will learn about variables in Dart language. We will cover the basics of declaring and using variables, including naming conventions.


What are Variables

Variables in Dart are used to store data values that can be manipulated during program execution. They have a data type that determines the kind of data they can hold, such as integers, strings, or boolean values.


Naming Variables

When naming variables in Dart, follow these conventions:

  • Start with a letter or an underscore (_).
  • Subsequent characters can include letters, digits, or underscores.
  • Avoid using reserved keywords as variable names.
  • Use meaningful and descriptive names to enhance code readability.

Syntax

The syntax to declare variables in Dart is:

data_type variable_name;


Variable storing Integer Value

  1. Declare an integer variable named num.
  2. Assign a value of 10 to the variable.
  3. Print the value of the variable.

Dart Program

void main() {
  // Declare and initialize an integer variable
  int num = 10;
  // Print the value of the variable
  print('The value of num is: $num');
}

Output

The value of num is: 10


Variable storing String Value

  1. Declare a string variable named name.
  2. Assign the value 'John' to the variable.
  3. Print the value of the variable.

Dart Program

void main() {
  // Declare and initialize a string variable
  String name = 'John';
  // Print the value of the variable
  print('The value of name is: $name');
}

Output

The value of name is: John


Variable storing Boolean Value

  1. Declare a boolean variable named isTrue.
  2. Assign the value true to the variable.
  3. Print the value of the variable.

Dart Program

void main() {
  // Declare and initialize a boolean variable
  bool isTrue = true;
  // Print the value of the variable
  print('The value of isTrue is: $isTrue');
}

Output

The value of isTrue is: true